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Institute-of-Laboratary-Medicine

Introduction

The Department of Laboratory Medicine at Santosh Hospital has a long and proud tradition of providing leading edge clinical care, outstanding biomedical research, and comprehensive education in our field. The Sanotsh Hospital have Comparative Effectiveness Research manages, conducts, interprets and supports the use of comparative effectiveness research to make informed decisions regarding patient outcomes, health care policy and the optimal use of health care resources.

Laboratory informatics

Laboratories today are held together by a system of software programs and computers that exchange data about patients, test requests, and test results known as a Laboratory information system or LIS. The LIS isinterfaced with the hospital information system

This system enables hospitals and labs to order the correct test requests for each patient, keep track of individual patient or specimen histories, and help guarantee a better quality of results as well as printing hard copies of the results for patient charts and doctors to check.

  • Anatomic Pathology: units included here are histopathology, cytopathology, and electron microscopy. Academically, each unit is studied alone in one course. Other courses pertaining to this section include anatomy, physiology, histology, pathology, and pathophysiology
  • Clinical pathology, including :
  • Clinical Microbiology: This encompasses five different sciences (units). These include bacteriology, virology, parasitology,immunology, and mycology.
  • Clinical Chemistry: Units under this busy section include instrumental analysis of blood components, enzymology, toxicology andendocrinology.
  • Hematology: This section consists of automated and manual analysis of blood cells. It includes two subunits, which are coagulationand blood bank.
  • Genetics is also studied along with a subspecialty known as cytogenetics.
  • Reproduction biology : Semen analysis, Sperm bank and assisted reproductive technology.
Medical laboratory accreditation

Credibility of medical laboratories is paramount to the health and safety of the patients relying on the testing services provided by these labs. The international standard in use today for the accreditation of medical laboratories is ISO 15189 - Medical laboratories - particular requirements for quality and competence.

Result analysis, validation and interpretation

According to ISO 15189 norm, all pathological results must be verified by a competent professional. In some countries staff like clinical scientists do the majority of this work inside the laboratory with abnormal results referred to the relevant pathologist. In others, only medical staff (pathologist or clinical biologist) is concerned by this phase. It can be assisted by some software in order to validate normal or non modified results. Medical staff are sometimes also required in order to explain pathology results to physicians. For a simple result given by phone or for a technical problem it's a medical technologist or medical lab scientist explaining it to a registered nurse.